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If you opted for the default Amazon Linux 2 AMI, you probably need to install some additional software to be able to execute your code files. To install Python 3 and any other packages on your EC2 instance, run the following commands:
# install Python sudo yum install python3 # install a single package sudo python3 -m pip install <PACKAGE_NAME> # install multiple packages from txt file sudo python3 -m pip install -r requirements.txt
Next, you can run your scripts from the command line like you’re used to with
One of the key advantages of using a VM is that you can leave it running indefinitely (even if you shut down your laptop!). Take a look at the task scheduling building block to learn how to use crontab to schedule recurring tasks (e.g., run a Python script that scrapes a website every day at 3 AM). Keep in mind that the time at your VM may differ from your local time because the data center that hosts the VM is located in another time zone (tip: run
date to find out the UTC time).
Check out this building block to learn how to use Docker to launch R on the instance to run your R scripts.