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In this building block, you will learn how to exclude files and directories from versioning, optimizing your Git/GitHub workflow.
By default, Git/GitHub tracks all files you create. However, there are instances where you want to exclude specific files, such as:
- Large data files unfit for GitHub uploads
- Automatically generated code files (that hence do not need to be versioned)
- Sensitive passwords inadvertently stored in your code
The file and directory exclusion technique
Luckily, Git offers a convenient way to exclude files and directories from versioning. Here’s how you do it:
Create a new file in your project’s root directory, and call it
.gitignore(remember the initial
.gitignoreand specify the files or directories to exclude. For instance,
**/DIRNAMEexcludes any directory called
git statusin your repository - the excluded files and directories won’t show up anymore!
For inspiration, explore some example
.gitignore files, or copy-paste the following to your own
**/rbin/ **/raw/ *RData *pdf **/audit **/input **/output **/temp **/zip *csv *xlsx *~* *log *.Rhistory **/exports **.ipynb_checkpoints **__pycache__ *.log slides/*.gz slides/*.snm slides/*.toc slides/*.nav slides/*.out slides/*.aux .RProfile
Effortlessly enhance your version control by employing this file and directory exclusion technique: create a
.gitignore file in which you specify the directories and files you would like to be excluded from versioning.